Archive | September, 2015

The Revelation of John: Chapter 14 – Three Angels

28 Sep

I am continuing on with Revelation. In this series I have been comparing John’s vision with books with similar prophecies, such as Daniel, as well as section 77 of the Doctrine and Covenants, which gives interpretations to a selected portion of the images of the Revelation. I also rely heavily on the Joseph Smith Translation (JST – given in red).

See also chapter one,  two, three, four, five, first five seals, Sixth Seal I, Sixth Seal II, Seventh Seal Opens, First Four Trumpets, Fifth Trumpet, Sixth Trumpet, Ten, Witnesses, Seventh Trumpet, Twelve I, Twelve II, The Beast, The Mark

Revelation 14: 1-13

It has been a while since I posted on Revelation. My last posts dealt with chapter 13, concerning the Beast, the False Prophet, the Mark, and the number 666. these chapters were not too uplifting. After the warnings and woes of chapter thirteen, chapter 14 is one of hope and comfort for the faithful.

 

Verse 1

John sees Christ (the lamb) with 144,000 sitting on mount Zion. This event has yet to take place, as we read in D&C 33: 17-18 that it is about to be fulfilled. These are the same 144,000 that are recorded in chapter seven.

Verses 2-3

John now hears the voices of the 144,000 singing a new song that only they know. They are singing it to the four beasts, the 24 elders, and the throne of God. This song may be the same one recorded in D&C 84: 98-102.

Verses 4-5

These verses describe the 144,000. They are sexually pure and follow Christ in all things. They are without guile, or deceit. They are redeemed from among men and without fault before God. They are also the “firstfruits unto God and to the Lamb.” In D&C 88: 98 we read that the firstfruits are those who are caught up to meet Christ at his coming, and are thus inheritors of the Celestial Glory.

 

In the next few verses we read of three angels that come to the earth to deliver messages.

Verses 6-7

“And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel…Saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come: and worship him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters.”

Many equate this angel with Moroni, partly because of D&C 27:5 and 133:36–39. However, others see this as a composite of all those who participated in the restoration of the gospel. In either case it may appear that this event has already occurred. However, I am reminded on D&C 88, where we are told what will happen at the second coming. In verses 103-104 we read

“…the fifth angel who committeth the a everlasting gospel—flying through the midst of heaven…And this shall be the sound of his trump…saying: Fear God, and give glory to him who sitteth upon the throne, forever and ever; for the hour of his judgment is come.”

Verse 8

“And there followed another angel, saying, Babylon is fallen, is fallen, that great city, because she made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication.”

Babylon symbolizes the wicked and apostate world. The angel is declaring that wickedness will cease on the earth. The sin of fornication indicates that the wickedness is unfaithfulness to God. Drinking the wine means that this wickedness is internalized, or made a part or the people. The wickedness that has become part of the culture, which has resulted in the people being unfaithful to God, will end.

Again, this is very similar to D&C 88: 105

“…another angel shall sound his trump…saying: She is fallen who made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication; she is fallen, is fallen!”

Verses 9-11

“And the third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, If any man worship the beast and his image…The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb…”

The judgment to come on those who worship the beast does not seem to be pleasant. The wine of the wrath of God is not poured out until after all else fails (D&C 43:25–26). For it to be without mixture means that it will not be diluted or lessened, but will come in full force on those who worship the beast.

Again, we turn to D&C 88: 106

“…, another angel shall sound his trump…saying: It is finished; it is finished! The Lamb of God hath overcome and trodden the winepress alone, even the wine-press of the fierceness of the wrath of Almighty God.”

 

In the last three sections I have given almost parallel verses from D&C 88, which talk of the second coming. This leads me to believe that these verses also speak of the second coming, or at least the time just prior to it. In my next post I will be discussing the rest of chapter 14 and you will more clearly why I think this is the case.

However, I want to include verses 12-13 in this post, so I will leave this question of timing for now.

 

Verse 12

The patience of the saints, which we read about in chapter 13, has been rewarded.

Verse 13

Some among the faithful will die in the final tribulations. However, their death is a blessing as it brings rest from those tribulations.

My Brother is Out

26 Sep

In August my family had a family reunion where we enjoyed each other company and discussed the events and issues of our day. This week one of my sisters posted the following on Facebook. I thought it was too good not to share. While the post originally named my brother, I simply call him my brother to protect his anonymity. I also include a comment he made regarding this, and my sister’s reply. I hope you find some insight from their words.

 

Sister:

My brother came out of the closet at the family reunion. He let us know that he is a trans-royal male. He has struggled his entire life with deep identity issues, and has always felt like he was born in the wrong situation. He wasn’t identified at birth as royalty, but from his earliest memories he has suffered with feelings that he is internally a prince or king, or at least a duke. When he first let us all know, we did not know how to respond, but we have been sympathetic to his pain.

We are hoping that doctors and scientists will be able to identify the biological reasons why he was born this way, and that the law and courts will support him, and those who struggle with him, in his desire to live like royalty, which is who he is inside.

In the meantime, I would like to ask everyone we know to please bow down to him and kiss his ring and pay him honors, as well as give him your money. To do anything less would be proof of bigotry. Please accept my trans-royal brother for who he really is, and treat him no different than you would any other king. You could not go wrong if you slip in a “your highness” or “your majesty” here and there as you speak to him.

Thank you for your tolerance and nonjudgmental attitudes. We live in an enlightened age where trans-royals will soon be recognized and will have their rights to live like royalty, without opposition, protected.

My brother, I commend you for your courage in standing up and letting the world know that you are, deep inside, royalty, and I want you to know that I accept you for what you are.

(But I don’t have to bow down, right, because I’m your sister, and so by virtue of our relationship, I must be royal too in my own way. I feel an identity crisis coming on. Wait, I used to pretend that I was Mr. Spock when I was a kid. A lot of times. Oh my word. I may be a trans-Spock! Jarom, what do I do?! I think I may be a trans-Spock ! I’ll need surgery to make my ears pointy. Uncle Sam will have to pay for it, as well as for your crown. Oh thank goodness we live in times where society is so understanding and non-judgmental and lets us be whatever we feel we are, and is willing to fund our transformations to our real selves!)

 

Brother:

I don’t think you are trans-Spock . I think you are trans-mythical and are a fairy trapped in a human body. They also have pointed ears and that may be why you identify with Spock so much.

Sister:

Oh my word! This is such a moment of self-discovery. I have been so out of touch with my true inner self until this very moment! YES!! OF COURSE I am a trans-mythical!!! That explains everything!! I am a fairy trapped in a human body, and I must find a way to express myself as such.

Call Good Evil and Evil Good

18 Sep

(This is a poorly written post, and I apologize for that)

Isaiah 5: 20, 23-24

Woe unto them that call evil good, and good evil; that put darkness for light, and light for darkness; that put bitter for sweet, and sweet for bitter!…Which justify the wicked for reward, and take away the righteousness of the righteous from him! Therefore as the fire devoureth the stubble, and the flame consumeth the chaff, so their root shall be as rottenness, and their blossom shall go up as dust: because they have cast away the law of the Lord of hosts, and despised the word of the Holy One of Israel.

 

Some things have been agitating my mind in recent weeks, and I have been trying to think of how best to approach them in this blog. The other day I remembered this passage from Isaiah. Reflecting on it I have concluded that we, as a society, have become as ancient Israel. We have begun to call evil good and good evil. In the following paragraph I will speak of two ways in which we are calling evil good, and one in which good is being called evil.

 

Homosexuality and Transgender: Sixty years ago our society recognized that homosexuality was a sin against the laws of God. People who did choose to live a homosexual life did so in secret, concealing it from friends, family, and the public. To engage in such a practice was viewed with great shame and scandal and could ruin anyone’s career. Homosexuality was listed as a psychological disorder that people could seek treatment for. The concept of same-sex marriage was not even a consideration for people. Transgender was not even known as a concept to society at large.

Today the Supreme Court has declared homosexual marriage to be a right, leading the Boy Scouts to open its organization to homosexual leaders. Rather than being a thing of shame and scandal, those who openly acknowledge a homosexual preference are regarded as heroes to be admired. To even suggest that such there is anything wrong with such a lifestyle is now viewed as a shameful and scandalous attitude.

Going beyond this, the idea of transgender has not only crept in, but has also been given a place of honor. There was the story recently of a high school boy that decided he was actually a girl and demanded to be allowed to use the girl’s locker room and bathrooms. The school, rather than standing up for the actual girls, agreed. In response 150 of the students left school in protest. Public reaction was to defend the boy and demonize the other students. Then, today I read that Bruce Jenner, the Olympian, is petitioning to have his gender legally changed to female.

 

Abortion: Again, it was sixty years ago that the idea of an abortion was horrifying to the general public. Abortions were done in back rooms by under the table doctors. For a woman to have an abortion was a scandal, one that she would likely not recover from in the public’s eye. Most women who got pregnant out of wedlock went into seclusion until the child was born and then placed them up for adoption.

Then we had the court case of Roe v. Wade. Since then abortion has become normal and accepted practice. Now instead of a doctor losing their license for such a procedure, they can be sued for refusing to perform it. There is still some controversy on this issue, but it has become common in society. In fact, the controversy is no longer focused on abortion in general, but has been pushed to late term and partial birth abortions, both of which many people defend.

 

Religion and Faith: Fifty years ago it was men of faith and conviction that were held in high esteem. That is when the phrase “Under God” was added to the pledge of allegiance; a time when the vast majority of Americans accepted and held to religious beliefs. People accepted the truth of the Bible. Public prayers were practiced. The blessings of God were invoked on behalf of the nation. There were still atheists, and many who believed the theories of evolution. However, to disagree with them was not an issue. Religions enjoyed protection under the law, and law could not force anyone to act contrary to their religious convictions.

Now, anyone who accepts the truth of the Bible is branded a fanatic. Those who reject evolution are called superstitious and closed minded idiots. They are shunned in intellectual communities. Any suggestion that the atheists are wrong is mocked. I actually had a friend who stopped talking to me because I said I did not accept evolution.

Religion has come under attack on all fronts. When the boy scouts lifted the ban on homosexual leaders they left in an exception for religious based troops. This was derided and the gay activists immediately began to demand that the exception be removed. Doctors, whose religious convictions are against abortions or other procedures, can be sued. More recently, a county clerk has been jailed for refusing to issue marriage licenses after the Supreme Court ruling. Her standing by her convictions has made her a villain in the eyes of much of the country.

The United States is one of the few countries left that recognizes a religious marriage. The great majority of countries require a civil marriage for it to be legally binding. This will likely change in the next few months simply because the gay activists will sue any church that refuses to perform same-sex marriages. As a result of the Supreme Court ruling any church not wanting to perform same-sex marriages will soon have to stop performing all marriages to maintain their tax exemption status.

 

Many more examples could be given, but these are the ones that stand out to me at this time. We have truly become a society that calls evil good and good evil.

Response to CARM: Difficult questions, part 12

5 Sep

I have recently been pointed to a website called Christian Apologetics & Research Ministry as an excellent location to learn LDS doctrine. On this website they have many pages dedicated to what they call exposing the truth of Mormonism. Most of what they present is well thought out, and they use many quotes and documents to support it. When they are simply giving a list of quotes they don’t do too bad. When they try to interpret those quotes and explain doctrine they fail almost completely. So I am starting a new series in which I will address a selection of pages from that website.

This next page is titled “Difficult Questions For Mormons to Answer.” It is a series of questions that are supposed to stump members of the LDS church. There are 32 questions total. Most are followed by a few quotes that try to establish the subject in question. The first part of my response will be a comment on the quotes given, and this will be in green.

 

Q. Why did the Nauvoo House not stand forever and ever? (Doctrine and Covenants 124: 56-60)

A. No quote is given, but I will here give the first verse in the citation given in the question.

And now I say unto you, as pertaining to my boarding house which I have commanded you to build for the boarding of strangers, let it be built unto my name, and let my name be named upon it, and let my servant Joseph and his house have place therein, from generation to generation.

This is not a prophecy or a promise being made by the Lord. It is a commandment to built the Nauvoo house and to give it to Joseph Smith and his family. Just previous to this the Lord tells us “when [He gives] a commandment to any of the sons of men to do a work unto [His] name, and those sons of men go with all their might and with all they have to perform that work, and cease not their diligence, and their enemies come upon them and hinder them from performing that work, behold, it behooveth me to require that work no more at the hands of those sons of men, but to accept of their offerings.” (verse 49)

The Nauvoo house did not stand forever because the enemies of the saints hindered the work and prevented the commandment from being fulfilled. As such, the saints were no longer under any obligation to build it.

This command was later fulfilled in the construction of the Hotel Utah in Salt Lake City.

*This question is answered in the response be S.H.I.E.L.D.S. I will address that in a later post, so keep an eye out for it.

Q. How did Nephi with a few men on a new continent build a temple like Solomon’s while Solomon needed 163,300 workmen and seven years to build his temple? (1 Kings 5: 13-18 and 2 Nephi 5:15-17)

A. No quote is given, but I think we need to see 2 Nephi 5: 16.

And I, Nephi, did build a temple; and I did construct it after the manner of the temple of Solomon save it were not built of so many precious things; for they were not to be found upon the land, wherefore, it could not be built like unto Solomon’s temple. But the manner of the contruction was like unto the temple of Solomon; and the workmanship thereof was exceedingly fine.”

Nephi states clearly that his temple “could not be built like unto Solomon’s” because the material was not available. However, the manner, or style of the construction was patterned off Solomon’s. So, Solomon’s temple was 60 cubits long, and Nephi’s was also 60 cubits; Solomon’s was 20 cubits broad, and so was Nephi’s; Solomon’s was 30 cubit high, and so was Nephi’s.

However, Solomon’s was constructed party using the Cedars of Lebannon, which had to be transported over great distances. This wood was not available to Nephi, so he used indigenous wood that was likely closer to the construction site (cutting down time). Solomon also used olive-wood and cypress. He also overlaid everything in gold, including the walls. These adornments may likely have been lacking when Nephi built his because he could not gain access to sufficient quantities at the time.

Finally, we are given no indication of how long it took Nephi and his people to construct their temple. From the time Lehi’s family arrived in the New World there is a space of 20 years that we are given no information as to the timeline, then another gap of ten years. It may have taken Nephi seven years, or maybe more. We simply don’t know. What we do know is that sometime after they arrived Lehi died, and shortly thereafter Nephi led the faithful members of the family away. It was after this that he built the temple. Since we don’t know how long it took, or how many people were involved, trying to make a comparison like this is impossible.

*This question is answered in the response be S.H.I.E.L.D.S. I will address that in a later post, so keep an eye out for it.

Q. Why was Joseph Smith still preaching against polygamy in October 1843, after he got his revelation in July, 1843, commanding the practice of polygamy? (Doctrine and Covenants 132, and History of the Church, vol. 6, p. 46, or Teachings of the Prophet, p. 324)

A. No quote is given, though I think quoting the section of church history would do us some good.

Gave instructions to try those persons who were preaching, teaching, or practicing the doctrine of plurality of wives: for, according to the law, I hold the keys of this power in the last days; for there is never but one on earth at a time on whom the power and its keys are conferred; and I have constantly said no man shall have but one wife at a time, unless the Lord directs otherwise.

As one can clearly see here, Joseph Smith was not preaching against the practice of Plural Marriage. He was condemning the unauthorized practice of it. As there is only one person at a time who can authorize such marriages (D&C 132: 7), as Joseph Smith rightly states in the above quote, those who are preaching, teaching, or practicing plural marriage without that person’s permission are in violation of the laws of the Lord. Thus those people are to be tried in the courts of the church and dealt with accordingly, just as Joseph Smith says.

*This question is answered in the response be S.H.I.E.L.D.S. I will address that in a later post, so keep an eye out for it.

Response to CARM: Difficult questions, part 11

5 Sep

I have recently been pointed to a website called Christian Apologetics & Research Ministry as an excellent location to learn LDS doctrine. On this website they have many pages dedicated to what they call exposing the truth of Mormonism. Most of what they present is well thought out, and they use many quotes and documents to support it. When they are simply giving a list of quotes they don’t do too bad. When they try to interpret those quotes and explain doctrine they fail almost completely. So I am starting a new series in which I will address a selection of pages from that website.

This next page is titled “Difficult Questions For Mormons to Answer.” It is a series of questions that are supposed to stump members of the LDS church. There are 32 questions total. Most are followed by a few quotes that try to establish the subject in question. The first part of my response will be a comment on the quotes given, and this will be in green.

 

Q. If Mormons can become gods why does Isaiah 43: 10 say, “You are My witnesses,” declares the LORD, “And My servant whom I have chosen, So that you may know and believe Me And understand that I am He. Before Me there was no God formed, And there will be none after Me.”

A. No quotes are given. While I prefer the KJV I see no need to give it here as it will not affect my answer.

This verse must be considered in proper perspective. God, as a title for the Supreme Being, is applied only to the Father. For us there is no other God. There was never one before Him, nor will there be after. We have but one, and always will. But this does not mean that others do not exist in a state of godhood, or Celestial perfection.

It is just like our earthly fathers. I have only one Father. I never had any other, and I never will have any other. So, before my father there was no father for me, and there will be no father for me after him. That does not preclude others from having their own fathers.

See my post regarding the Godhead for more information.

Q. Why do Mormons emphasize part of the Word of Wisdom and ignore the part forbidding the eating of meat except in winter, cold or famine? (Doc. & Cov. 89:12, 13).

A. No quote is given.

I like my mother’s answer to this question. It is always winter in my fridge.

People who ask questions like this are trying to “make a man an offender for a word” as they demand the letter of the law as the Pharisees did. Yet, they do not understand the spirit by which the law was given.

The Word of Wisdom is, first and foremost, a health code. The spirit of that law is to live well and eat healthily. When the revelation was given they did not have refrigeration. Meat putrefies very quickly when not frozen. So, in the 1830’s people were counseled by God not to eat meat except in dire need (famine) or when it could be effectively preserved (winter). In our day we have refrigeration and meat can be preserved very effectively for extended periods of time, even in the heat of summer. As such, in keeping with the Spirit of the law, we eat meat only in dire need (famine) or when it can be effectively preserved (refrigerated).

*This question is answered in the response be S.H.I.E.L.D.S. I will address that in a later post, so keep an eye out for it.

Response to CARM: Difficult questions, part 10

5 Sep

I have recently been pointed to a website called Christian Apologetics & Research Ministry as an excellent location to learn LDS doctrine. On this website they have many pages dedicated to what they call exposing the truth of Mormonism. Most of what they present is well thought out, and they use many quotes and documents to support it. When they are simply giving a list of quotes they don’t do too bad. When they try to interpret those quotes and explain doctrine they fail almost completely. So I am starting a new series in which I will address a selection of pages from that website.

This next page is titled “Difficult Questions For Mormons to Answer.” It is a series of questions that are supposed to stump members of the LDS church. There are 32 questions total. Most are followed by a few quotes that try to establish the subject in question. The first part of my response will be a comment on the quotes given, and this will be in green.

Now, since there are so many questions and responding to all of them will take a long time, I will be dividing this into many separate posts, each answering 1-3 questions.

 

Q. Why is the French word “adieu” in the book of Mormon in Jacob 7:27?

A. No quotes are given, and it is not needed to quote Jacob. We concede that the word is used.

Adieu carries a special connotation of fondness; it is a fond farewell. In the early to mid 1800’s it also took on the connotation of a final farewell. So, Jacob, who knew he was making his last record on the plates and would likely die soon, was bidding a final and fond farewell to the Nephites and to whomever would later read his record.

Again, this word would have been a logical choice to convey the meaning of Jacob’s words for the time in which Joseph Smith lived. It is simply a good translation.

Q. Why should I become a Mormon if when I die, I go to the middle level of heaven when that is where most Mormons will go anyway?

A. No quotes are given.

That is like asking why you should get a Masters degree when most people will only graduate with a bachelors. Yes, most people will only attain the Terrestrial World, but is that any reason not to strive for the greater rewards of the Celestial?

Q. If the veil is rent by God after Jesus was crucified (Matt. 27:51), why do the Mormons put it back in their temples?

A. No quotes are given, and I do not feel the need to quote the verse in the scripture. The veil in the temple was rent.

When I read the rending of the veil at Jerusalem, I see God’s rejection of the Jews and thus their temple. He would no longer dwell among them, and thus that structure was no longer sacred.

Also, we build the temples according to the commands of God. It may have been God that tore the veil in the temple of Jerusalem, but it was also God that commanded us to build temples with veils.

See my longer reponse to this question here.

Response to CARM: Difficult questions, part 9

4 Sep

I have recently been pointed to a website called Christian Apologetics & Research Ministry as an excellent location to learn LDS doctrine. On this website they have many pages dedicated to what they call exposing the truth of Mormonism. Most of what they present is well thought out, and they use many quotes and documents to support it. When they are simply giving a list of quotes they don’t do too bad. When they try to interpret those quotes and explain doctrine they fail almost completely. So I am starting a new series in which I will address a selection of pages from that website.

This next page is titled “Difficult Questions For Mormons to Answer.” It is a series of questions that are supposed to stump members of the LDS church. There are 32 questions total. Most are followed by a few quotes that try to establish the subject in question. The first part of my response will be a comment on the quotes given, and this will be in green.

Now, since there are so many questions and responding to all of them will take a long time, I will be dividing this into many separate posts, each answering 1-3 questions.

 

Q. If the book of Mormon is true, why have both National Geographic and the Smithsonian Institute rejected it as being archaeologically reliable?

A. Each organization cited in the question is quoted by the author.

Who cares. These groups are mortal scholars. They are not infallible, but are frequently guided and influenced by popular theories and trends. One might ask why they orient everything they do with evolution, since that is not true? The answer would be the same and just as meaningless.

Of course, one can take a religious point of view and say that they are being influenced by Satan. The devil will try everything he can to keep people from the truth. One of the best ways is to convince men that they are intelligent enough to know the truth themselves, and thus they reject God’s word as it doesn’t align with what they have decided is true. Then, in their pride, they set themselves up as the only authority and deride anyone who would seek truth from any other source. I have met people like this. I once had a friend who decided not to speak to me again because I told him I did not believe in evolution.

It is a common flaw of our modern age for people to think themselves too enlightened for religion or the truth that it contains. And, as the prestige of the person increases their rejection of the truth becomes more firm. There are few organizations that carry greater prestige in the world of the natural sciences than National Geographic and the Smithsonian, so is it any wonder that these organization would fall prey to this all too common temptation of Satan.

 

Q. Why is it that there have been no archaeological discoveries at all that demonstrate what Joseph Smith said is “reformed Egyptian”?

A. A quote is given, but it is not necessary to repeat it for the purpose of the question.

I am wondering what one would be looking for as a demonstration of Reformed Egyptian. Are you expecting to find Egyptian Heiroglyphics in America? Are they looking for a library of ancient records?

Mormon tells us that what he called Reformed Egyptian had been “altered by [them], according to [their] manner of speech.” (Mormon 9: 32) He also mentions that he could have written in Hebrew, but that that language had also been altered. He also says that “the Lord knoweth the things which [they had] written, and also that none other people knoweth [their] language.” (Mormon 9: 34)

So, I see three different languages here. Reformed Egyptian and the Reformed Hebrew being written languages that were used for the keeping of sacred records. Then there is the common language of the people. The written Egyptian and Hebrew were altered to match this common language to allow for better and more accurate records, with the Hebrew being more accurate than the Egyptian, but the Egyptian being simpler and thus taking less space.

Now, Mormon tells us that the Lamanites had a habit of destroying sacred records (Mormon 6: 6) and we know from history that the Catholic monks had a habit of destroying the records of other civilizations, including those of the America’s (only three records of the Aztecs survived). We then consider that God commanded Mormon to protect the sacred records (Mormon 6: 6) and that there was a divine protection on the Gold Plates.

As it is likely that Reformed Egyptian was used mainly, if not exclusively for the sacred records, and those records are hidden and protected by God, or destroyed by the Lamanites or others, it is not unlikely that we will never find another sample of reformed Egyptian until God wants us to.

 

Q. What is the book of Mormon contain the word “church” in 1 Nephi 14:3, 9, 10, 12 which was set around 600 BC, yet the word church was not used until the time of Jesus (Matt. 16:18)?

A. No quote is given, and I do not find it necessary to give the scriptures referenced.

The word church is a translation of the Greek word ‘Ecclesia’ which means “an assembly called together.” This is the same meaning of the word ‘Congregation,’ which is the word used in the translation of the Old Testament. It appears primarily in the books of Moses, but is also used twice in the Psalms (89: 5; 107: 32).

Today, the word church is more commonly used for the organization of faith and its adherents, such as the LDS church, or the Baptist church, etc. This was also the case in the 1800’s. The word congregation more commonly refers a local division of such an organization, and then only when they are actually gathered together.

So, when Joseph Smith was translating the Nephite record and came across a reference to the organization of faith and its adherents it would have been proper for him to use the word church.

Remember, this is a translation, and so the use of common words at the time of translation should come as no surprise.